cfrank Posted January 8, 2010 Share Posted January 8, 2010 Hello everyone, I've been using postfix as my domain mail server for 7 years, and recently I've noticed a new kind of exploit: postfix is sending bounce email to random addresses due to a Delivered-To header. I've investigated a bit and here's what happens: Postfix receives a message for an existing local user but with a forged sender address. The message header forged by the spammer contains the following line: Delivered-To: localuser[at]mydomain.com along with the usual To: "'Local User'" <localuser[at]mydomain.com> Notice that delivery address is the same as the Delivered-To address. Next, postfix accepts the message, as being local and for an existing user, and then it immediately sees the Delivered-To header and it decides there is a mail forwarding loop going on and it bounces that message to the forged sender address. Here's how local works, from "man local": In order to stop mail forwarding loops early, the software adds an optional Delivered-To: header with the final envelope recipient address. If mail arrives for a recipient that is already listed in a Delivered-To: header, the message is bounced. So postfix wrongfully believes this is a mail forwarding loop and bounces to an external address, which no respectable mail agent should do. I believe this is a postfix exploit, yet I could find nothing on the web on how to stop it, except for using soft_bounce = yes which stops all bounces in the mail queue forever, which is not a permanent solution. Is there a way to tell postfix not to bounce messages to non-local domains, period? Or to disable the delivered-to check? Could you please advise? My setup never bounces messages for local or non-local users. This exploit happens with many users in the system, not just one, it's clearly not a mail forwarding problem. I'm attaching relevant information below. Thanks, Cristian postfix version: 2.6.5 headers from postcat -q : *** ENVELOPE RECORDS deferred/C/C34291021C0 *** message_size: 10429 249 1 0 10429 message_arrival_time: Fri Jan 8 01:34:30 2010 create_time: Fri Jan 8 01:34:30 2010 named_attribute: log_message_origin=local named_attribute: trace_flags=0 sender: original_recipient: KOJMedicalSupply[at]afterglowvideoart.com recipient: KOJMedicalSupply[at]afterglowvideoart.com *** MESSAGE CONTENTS deferred/C/C34291021C0 *** Received: by mail.francu.com (Postfix) id C34291021C0; Fri, 8 Jan 2010 01:34:30 +0200 (EET) Date: Fri, 8 Jan 2010 01:34:30 +0200 (EET) From: MAILER-DAEMON[at]francu.com (Mail Delivery System) Subject: Undelivered Mail Returned to Sender To: KOJMedicalSupply[at]afterglowvideoart.com Auto-Submitted: auto-replied MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/report; report-type=delivery-status; boundary="D0C481021BE.1262907270/mail.francu.com" Message-Id: <20100107233430.C34291021C0[at]mail.francu.com> This is a MIME-encapsulated message. --D0C481021BE.1262907270/mail.francu.com Content-Description: Notification Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii This is the mail system at host mail.francu.com. I'm sorry to have to inform you that your message could not be delivered to one or more recipients. It's attached below. For further assistance, please send mail to postmaster. If you do so, please include this problem report. You can delete your own text from the attached returned message. The mail system <cata[at]francu.com>: mail forwarding loop for cata[at]francu.com --D0C481021BE.1262907270/mail.francu.com Content-Description: Delivery report Content-Type: message/delivery-status Reporting-MTA: dns; mail.francu.com X-Postfix-Queue-ID: D0C481021BE X-Postfix-Sender: rfc822; KOJMedicalSupply[at]afterglowvideoart.com Arrival-Date: Fri, 8 Jan 2010 01:34:27 +0200 (EET) Final-Recipient: rfc822; cata[at]francu.com Original-Recipient: rfc822;cata[at]francu.com Action: failed Status: 5.4.6 Diagnostic-Code: X-Postfix; mail forwarding loop for cata[at]francu.com --D0C481021BE.1262907270/mail.francu.com Content-Description: Undelivered Message Content-Type: message/rfc822 Return-Path: <KOJMedicalSupply[at]afterglowvideoart.com> Received: from 95-88-133-62-dynip.superkabel.de (95-88-133-62-dynip.superkabel.d e [18.104.22.168]) by mail.francu.com (Postfix) with SMTP id D0C481021BE for <cata[at]francu.com>; Fri, 8 Jan 2010 01:34:27 +0200 (EET) Delivered-To: cata[at]francu.com Received: by 22.214.171.124 with SMTP id 2sk8469083hnu; Thu, 07 Jan 2010 18:35:28 -0500 Received: by 126.96.36.199 with SMTP id j47le64357643ciy.68.0461988292425; Thu, 07 Jan 2010 18:35:28 -0500 Received: from Mail95.HX.GENERAL (d106-30-2-84.business2.hartmanuk.com [188.8.131.52]) by mx.jensentechnologies.com with ESMTP id 31fb01376040hzl.28.2009.12.30.08.00.55; Thu, 07 Jan 2010 18:35:28 -0500 Received-SPF: pass (jensentechnologies.com: domain of KOJMedicalSupply[at]afterglowvideoart.com designates 184.108.40.206 as permitted sender) client-ip=220.127.116.11; Authentication-Results: mx.jensentechnologies.com; spf=pass (jensentechnologies.com: domain of KOJMedicalSupply[at]afterglowvideoart.com designates 18.104.22.168 as permitted sender) smtp.mail=KOJMedicalSupply[at]afterglowvideoart.com Received: from Mail95.HX.GENERAL ([fe80::d4d4:5880:270f:349e]) by Mail95.HX.GENERAL ([fe80::d5d5:6173:795c:561j%11]) with mapi; Thu, 07 Jan 2010 18:35:28 -0500 From: "EMED Online" <KOJMedicalSupply[at]afterglowvideoart.com> To: "'cata[at]francu.com'" <cata[at]francu.com> Date: Thu, 07 Jan 2010 18:35:28 -0500 Subject: Changes in January Thread-Topic: Changes in January Thread-Index: AmtJaRHBKF85el9zUViIa7C0ocQBEN== Message-ID: <X1CY1E5EKA01257D5IY02EE7715301878169D84287[at]Mail95.HX.GENERAL> Accept-Language: en-US, en-CA Content-Language: en-US X-MS-Has-Attach: X-MS-TNEF-Correlator: acceptlanguage: en-US, en-CA Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="_000_X1CY1E5EKA01257D5IY02EE7715301878169D84287shipley" MIME-Version: 1.0 Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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